12th Board Exams: CBSE goes with 30:30:40 formula

The Supreme Court on Thursday accepted the CBSE and the CISCE formulae to evaluate pupils and publish their results next month.


Ending uncertainty over the method of calculating marks or grades of Class XII students following cancellation of their examinations due to Covid, the Supreme Court on Thursday accepted the CBSE and the CISCE formulae to evaluate pupils and publish their results next month.

“After perusing the scheme presented by the Boards, prima facie, we have no hesitation in accepting the same and permit them to proceed on that basis,” a Bench led by Justice AM Khanwilkar said. According to the scheme presented to the court, Class X, XI and XII marks will be considered in 30:30:40 ratio to prepare the final CBSE Class XII results, which would be declared by July 31.

Reappear chance

-Students not satisfied with the evaluation criteria can opt for sitting in the examination to be held when the Covid situation improves
-‘Essential repeat’ or ‘compartment’ category for those failing to meet qualifying criteria
-Students not pleased with the assessment to get a chance to sit in the Board exams later
-Marks scored in the exams later will be considered final

Presenting a set of “objective criteria” of evaluation of Class XII students, Attorney General KK Venugopal said marks in best of three subjects would be considered for the purpose for Class X, XI and XII. While 30 per cent weightage would be given for Class X and XII, it would be 40 per cent for Class XII, he said. For Class XII, the marks obtained in unit test or mid-term or pre-board examinations will be considered while 20 marks will be given for practical exams.

CISCE’s 6-yr assessment

-Marks percentage in Class X Boards, practical work, best marks obtained in Class XI and XII and best performance in past 6 yrs
-CISCE result by July 20, CBSE July 31

There will be a moderation committee to examine the difference in marking mechanism adopted by schools, Venugopal told the court. Schools are required to form a result committee to consider the marks of a student in the three examinations, and it would be vetted by the CBSE moderation committee, he explained.

The CBSE said the historical performance of the school, in terms of the best overall performance in the previous three years’ board examination, would be taken as the reference for moderating the marks assessed by the schools for 2020-21. The CBSE said if a student wasn’t able to meet the qualifying criterion, he/she would be placed in “essential repeat” or “compartment” category.

Weightage Pattern

40% marks based on Unit test/ Mid term/ Pre Boards – 12th Class
30% marks based on theory component in final exams – 11th Class
30% marks based on average theory component of best three exams- 10th Class

However, the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) proposed a different set of criteria to compute marks based on performance of students in the last six years and declare results by July 20.

The CISCE evaluation formula takes into account marks percentage in Class X board examinations, the project and practical work in subjects, performance of candidates in the school examinations in the subjects in Class XI and XII, measured through their best marks obtained in the two years (referred to as raw marks) and the best performance of the school in the last six years.

It has said that assessment of students would be done based on their marks obtained in Class X examination, performance in school examinations in Class XI and XII along with practical and performance of school in the last six years. The CISCE said among the factors used in the computation include best year for school (from 2015 to 2020); the best year for a school is the year when the school achieved the best average percentage in terms of the total scores (out of 500).

The SC said it would hear petitions seeking cancellation of state board examinations for Class XII in Punjab, Assam, Tripura and AP on June 21.


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